Concentration Camp Excavation May Reveal Connection to Anne Frank

The reverse of a pendant showing the Hebrew letter symbolizing God's name found at the site of the Nazi-operated Sobibor death camp

The pendant is believed to be one of two in existence, the other belonged to Anne Frank. Having uncovered the second pendant, researchers are seeking out relatives of both Cohn and Frank to discern if there is any relation between the families. Researchers are now trying to locate relatives of the two families to further explore this avenue.

One side of the pendant reads 3.7.29 - Karoline Cohn's date of birth - and the word "Mazel tov".

The items found include a Star of David necklace, a woman's watch and a metal charm covered in glass with an etching of the image of Moses holding the Ten Commandments; on the reverse side of the charm is the inscription of the Jewish prayer the "Shema".

In October 2016, the archaeologists were digging an area that they believe was once the barracks where female prisoners were undressed and had their heads shaved before being sent to walk on the cynically named "Himmelfahrtsstrasse", or "road to heaven", a path that led to the gas chambers.

"She was on board a transport that departed in November 1941 from Frankfurt am Main to Minsk ghetto, " Joel Zissenwein, director of the deportations database project at Yad Vashem, said.

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Yad Vashem said research suggests the pendant "was taken, dropped, and remained buried in the ground for over 70 years". Archaeologists have been digging at the site since 2007 to salvage and study the remains of the camp before a memorial center and museum are built over parts of the site.

The findings were made by Israel Antiquities Authority archaeologist Yoram Haimi and his Polish and Dutch colleagues Wojciech Mazurek and Ivar Schute, who dug under the floorboards of a Sorbibor death chamber. In 1943 Germans closed the camp, bulldozed the location and planted trees over it to hide the crime.

This pendant demonstrates once again the importance of archaeological research of former Nazi death camp sites.

Researchers said thetriangle-shaped pendant, unearthed at the site of the Sobibor death camp, belonged to 14-year-old Karoline Cohn, a Jewish girl who died at Sobibor and may have had connections to Frank, who documented her life in a diary while hiding in Amsterdam. "It is important to tell the story, so that we never forget", said Israel Antiquities Authority archaeologist Yoram Haimi.

More than a quarter of million Jews were killed at the camp.

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