High-risk HPV affects 23 percent of American adults

Health experts believe that the reduction in HPV may lead to a commensurate drop in cervical cancer cases Getty Images

A team of experts will announce today at the Microbiology Society's Annual Conference in Edinburgh that they believe the drop may subsequently lead to a 90 per cent reduction in cases of cervical cancer in Scottish women.

In addition, the new version of Gardasil improved protection against HPV-related cancers in the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, rectum and oropharynx - the tongue and tonsil area at the back of the throat. Many physicians are also reluctant about discussing the need for the vaccine, and for many parents, the vaccine's cancer-prevention benefits were overshadowed by concerns about discussing sexual matters with such young kids.

"HPV is a common virus that can be largely prevented through vaccination - the uptake of HPV vaccinations is critical in reducing the rising trend of HPV-related cancers".

Recent research from the CDC this week showed that almost half of Americans are infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Until recently, data on the prevalence of genital HPV infections in men in the general US population was limited.

Often, the cancer does not develop until years after a patient was infected with HPV.

In 2013 and 2014, 45 percent of all men aged up to 60 had some sort of HPV strain and 25 percent had one of the strains that can cause cancer.

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The report published by the CDC also addressed the oral HPV infections among adults.

The CDC noted that the prevalence of high-risk oral HPV was higher among men than women in all race and Hispanic groups, but the difference was not significant among non-Hispanic Asian adults.

Last month, new guidelines from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices declared the vaccine would be administered in two doses instead of three.

The Gardasil vaccination is most effective if administered before a young person becomes sexually active. "Deep kissing (i.e., French kissing), rimming (i.e., oral-anal contact), autoinoculation, and peripartum exposure have also been associated with prevalent oral HPV infection, albeit inconsistently". "The program is newer for boys, however, and we expect this rate to increase over time", she said.

The vaccine is estimated to prevent 5,000 cancer deaths annually, said Dr. Paul Offit, professor of pediatrics and director of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Each year, 31,000 men and women are diagnosed with cancers caused by HPV - which, in most cases, would have been preventable with the HPV vaccine, according to the CDC.

According to Dr Electra Paskett, a cancer control researcher at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, some think vaccination encourages youth to become promiscuous. The report specifically looked at adults who didn't receive recommendations to get the HPV vaccine.

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